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Bladder Cancer

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More than trying, treating.

Cancer Institute of Florida is committed to providing those with bladder cancer the latest and most effective treatments and therapies available.

Treatment Options for Bladder Cancer

The choice of treatment depends on the stage of the tumor, the severity of the symptoms, and the presence of other medical conditions.

Bladder Cancer Orlando

Stage 0 and I treatments:

  • Surgery to remove the tumor without removing the rest of the bladder
  • Chemotherapy or immunotherapy directly into the bladder

Stage II and III treatments:

  • Surgery to remove the entire bladder (radical cystectomy)
  • Surgery to remove only part of the bladder, followed by radiation and chemotherapy
  • Chemotherapy to shrinkthe tumor before surgery
  • A combination of chemotherapy and radiation (in patients who choose not to have surgery or who cannot have surgery)

Stage IV treatments:

  • Most patients with stage IV tumors cannot be cured and surgery is not indicated. In these patients, chemotherapy is often considered.


Chemotherapy may be given to patients with stage II and III disease either before or after surgery to help prevent the tumor from returning. Chemotherapy may be given as a single drug or in different combinations of drugs. The combination of chemotherapy drugs is very effective and often has fewer side effects.

For early disease (stages 0 and I), chemotherapy is usually given directly into the bladder. Several different types of chemotherapy medications may be delivered directly into the bladder.

A Foley catheter can be used to deliver the medication into the bladder. Common side effects include bladder wall irritation and pain when urinating. For more advanced stages (II-IV), chemotherapy is usually given by vein (intravenously).


Bladder cancers are often treated by immunotherapy. In this treatment, a medication causes your own immune system to attack and kill the tumor cells. Immunotherapy for bladder cancer is usually performed using a vaccine. It is given through a Foley catheter directly into the bladder. If the vaccine does not work, patients may receive another immunotherapy.

For detailed information about specific bladder cancer chemotherapy drugs, what they are used for, ways in which they are administered, along with possible therapies, contact us today.