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Kidney Cancer

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More than trying, treating.

Kidney cancer, or renal cell carcinoma, is diagnosed when cancerous cells are discovered in the lining of tubules (very small tubes) in the kidneys. Though the cause is unknown, kidney cancer occurs most often in men ages 50 to 70 who have certain risk factors, like dialysis treatment, family history, smoker or high blood pressure.

The cancer team at Cancer Institute of Florida is dedicated to early diagnosis and prompt treatment if kidney cancer is found after certain symptoms, like abdominal pain, blood in the urine, unintentional weight loss or constipation.

Sometimes both kidneys are affected. Unfortunately, kidney cancer spreads easily, most often to the lungs and other organs. In about one-third of patients, the cancer has already spread (metastasized) at the time of diagnosis.

Treatment Options for Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer Orlando
The oncologists at Cancer Institute of Florida will utilize many treatment options in an attempt to make patients kidney cancer free by removing all of the cancer during surgery.

Treatment options for kidney cancer include:

  • Surgical removal of one or both kidneys, (nephrectomy)
  • Surgical removal of the bladder, surrounding tissues or lymph nodes
  • Surgical removal of any smaller tumors that have spread (metastases)
  • Hormone treatments to reduce the growth of the tumor
  • Newer drug therapies, including biologic drugs, may also be used to shrink the tumors

Radiation and chemotherapy are not very effective in treating renal cell carcinoma, thus aren't often used.

The outcome depends on how much the cancer has spread and how well it responds to treatment. The survival rate is highest if the tumor is in the early stages and has not spread outside the kidney. If it has spread to the lymph nodes or to other organs, the survival rate is much lower. A cure is unlikely unless all of the cancer is removed with surgery.