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Bone Marrow Aspiration

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More than research, results.

When a patient is affected by specific blood disorders, blood diseases and blood cancers, the oncologists and hematologists at Cancer Institute of Florida may order a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy to evaluate blood cell production. During the bone marrow biopsy, a small amount of bone, fluid and cells are collected from inside the bone to be examined. Whereas the bone marrow aspiration test removes a small amount of bone marrow fluid and cells through a needle put into a bone.

With a bone marrow biopsy and aspiration the doctor is evaluating what is in the marrow in order to determine whether the cells found are normal and present in typical quantities, to determine whether there are cells present that should not be there, and to determine what is missing.

Once the doctors know more about the status of the blood, specific diseases and cancers, along with their specific stage, can be ruled out, and/or diagnosed such as, leukemia, anemia and vitamin or mineral deficiencies or excesses. Additionally, if a patient is already being treated for cancer, a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy may be ordered to determine how well the body is responding to the chemotherapy or other therapies, as the marrow function can be suppressed.

A Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy May be Ordered to Diagnose the Following:

  • Aplastic Anemia
  • Acute Leukemia
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Myelofibrosis and Essential Thrombocythemia
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Severe thrombocytopenia and/or anemia and/or neutropenia
  • Staging Certain Cancers, such as:
  • Hodgin's and Non-Hodgkins lymphomas
  • Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

Is there anything else I should know?

Complications from the bone marrow aspiration and/or biopsy procedure are rare, but some patients may have excessive bleeding at the collection site or develop an infection. Patients should tell the doctor about any allergies they have and about any medications or supplements they are taking prior to the procedure and should contact their doctor promptly if they experience persistent or spreading redness or bleeding at the site, a fever, or increasing pain.